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SKY GUIDE: AUGUST

August Sky Guide

Welcome to the Sky Guide, your monthly guide to what's happening in the heavens!
Check out the printable version here:  the-sky-tonight-August-pamplet.pdf

 

MOON MARAMA PHASES:

   SUN  RISE / SUNSET

Phase

 

New Moon

1st Quarter

Full Moon

3rd Quarter

New Moon

Date

 

Thursday 1 August

Thursday 8 August

Friday 16 August

Saturday 14 August

Friday 30 August

 

 

Thursday 1

Thursday 15

Saturday 31

 Rise

 

7.58 am

7.38 am

7.10 am

Set

 

5.30 pm

5.47 pm

6.06 pm

 

 

Planets Whetū Ao:

 

 

Jupiter

Hine-i-tīweka

1 August
until 4.34am

15 August
until 3.39am

31 August
until 2.39am

Saturn

Pareārau

1 August
until 6.48am

15 August
until 5.50am

31 July
until 4.45am

 

 

In Ophiuchus

In Sagittarius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUGUST ĀKUHATA HIGHLIGHTS

 

Hercules

Hercules is named after the Roman version of the Greek god, Heracles. This constellation is connected to multiple other constellations due to the 12 Labours of Heracles, which were the tasks given to Heracles by the Mycenaean King, Eurystheus. The first labour was to kill the Nemean Lion, which the constellation Leo is said to represent. The second task was to kill the multi-headed monster Hydra, represented by the Hydra constellation. During the battle with the Hydra a giant crab was sent to distract him, which is represented by the constellation Cancer. 

Hercules is the fifth largest constellation in the sky, but has no first magnitude stars in it, making stars and deep space objects in Hercules difficult to find. For example, Messier 13 (also known as the Great Globular Cluster) is easily seen with a small telescope but is hard to find due to few visual aids.The Arecibo message, a series of beeps broadcast into space in 1974 to let any hypothetical extraterrestrials know about our planet, was sent in the direction of this globular cluster.

To find Hercules, look at the horizon due north to find the Keystone asterism, four stars that form an uneven square, this represents Hercules’ body. Messier 13 can be found one third of the way between the western two stars in the Keystone asterism.

 

Dark Constellations

The Incan Empire was the largest pre-Columbian empire in the Americas, stretching from Ecuador to Chile, from 1438 to 1533. The Inca recognized two different types of constellations in the sky – luminous constellations, which were formed by connecting stars and represented inanimate objects, and dark cloud constellations that represented animals. These dark constellations are said to be the silhouettes of animals who had come to drink from the life-giving river in the heavens, the Mayu (Milky Way). Yacana, the llama, is the most important of these dark cloud constellations. It consists of two llamas, a mother and a baby, stretching between Scorpius and the Southern Cross. The bright stars alpha- and beta-centauri mark the mother llamas eyes. 

In Australia, this same galactic dust cloud marks the body of a dark constellation called Dinewan, the emu, who is considered the king of the birds in Dreamtime legend. He is seen flying across the sky, his legs stretching along the Milky Way. The Coalsack Nebula, next to the Southern Cross, represents his head. 

To find Yacana and Dinewan, look high in the southwestern sky and find the bright stars alpha- and beta-centauri. The dark constellations will appear upside down in the sky.

 

 

Spotting satellites

A lot of man-made satellites are visible to the naked eye. You can see up to a hundred a night if you have a keen eye and good viewing conditions. To find a satellite in the sky, go to an area with little to no light pollution on a clear night. Scan the sky until you find what looks like a star moving across the sky slowly and steadily. Satellites don’t blink like planes, so the light from them will be constant. They may disappear if they go behind the shadow of the earth. 

The easiest to spot is the International Space Station (ISS) because it is both large and bright, sometimes even appearing as bright as Venus. You can track the ISS to see when it will pass over you next at spotthestation.nasa.gov

 

 

Top Image: Dark constellation Dinewan, the emu. By Cafugo. CC BY-SA